State of the Salmon

Endangered Listing Authorities


Jump to a political jurisdiction: Canada | Province of British Columbia | Japan | Hokkaido Prefecture | Russia | United States
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Canada


AuthorityLegal Standing Assessment Schedule Based on IUCN Red List model?
Listing Authority
Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC)
COSEWIC has no legal mandate. Under the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA), "COSEWIC will be established as an advisory body to government. It will operate at "arm's length" and remain unfettered to make the accurate designations that go into its list based on the best available scientific and traditional or local information. It will be up to government, which is politically accountable, to turn that list into law." (Committee (Accessed 11 September 2003) on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 2003. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada). COSEWIC reviews status reports at least once per year. Yes. COSEWIC revised their status assessment criteria in 2001 based upon the revised IUCN Red List categories of 2001.
Recovery Authority:
The Minister of Fisheries and Oceans
is responsible for aquatic species at risk.
The Species At Risk Act (SARA) was passed by Canada's Parliament on December 12, 2002 and will be fully implemented in 2004. "The Species at Risk Act provides a framework for actions across Canada to ensure the survival of wildlife species and the protection of our natural heritage. It sets out how to decide which species are a priority for action and what to do to protect a species. It identifies waysgovernments, organizations and individuals can work together, and it establishes penalties for a failure to obey the law." (Environment Canada. June 2003. Species At Risk Act(Accessed 11 September 2003), A Guide. p.1.).SARA requires that COSEWIC review the classification of an individual species at least once every ten years.

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Province of British Columbia


AuthorityLegal Standing Assessment Schedule Based on IUCN Red List model?
Listing Authority:
B.C. Conservation Data Centre (CDC), Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management,
in cooperation with NatureServe
The first Red and Blue lists were produced in 1992. They serve to identify species that merit consideration for formal designation at either the provincial level under the British Columbia Wildlife Act (see below), or at the national level by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. AnnualNo.
Recovery Authority: Provincial and local governmental agencies, acting in cooperation.British Columbia has no stand-alone endangered species act. The provincial Wildlife Act protects virtually all vertebrate animals from direct harm, except as allowed by regulation (e.g., hunting or trapping). Legal designation may confer special protection for selected red- and blue-listed species, their residences, or their critical habitat. Legal designation as Endangered or Threatened under the Act increases the penalties for harming a species, and also enables the protection of habitat in a Critical Wildlife Management Area€¯ (Endangered Species and Ecosystems in British Columbia (Accessed 11 September 2003). British Columbia, Canada).

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Japan


AuthorityLegal Standing Assessment Schedule Based on IUCN Red List model?
Listing Authority: Wildlife Protection Division, Nature Conservation Bureau, Ministry of the EnvironmentThe Red List and Red Data Book possess no legal power to enforce regulations concerning threatened species.Unknown. The status of listed species is revised periodically. Yes. Both the 1991 Red Data Book and late 1990s Red List were based upon the IUCN classification scheme available at that time.
Recovery Authority: Wildlife Protection Division, Nature Conservation Bureau, Ministry of the EnvironmentThe Law for Conservation of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (LCES) was established in 1992 to protect listed species and promote their recovery.

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Hokkaido Prefecture


AuthorityLegal Standing Assessment Schedule Based on IUCN Red List model?
Listing Authority: UnknownThe Red List and Red Data Book possess no legal power to enforce regulations concerning threatened species.Unknown. The status of listed species is revised periodically. Yes.
Recovery Authority: UnknownUnknown

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Russia


AuthorityLegal Standing Assessment Schedule Based on IUCN Red List model?
Listing Authority:Ministry of Nature of Russia, Commission for Rare and Endangered Animals, Plants, and FungiUnknownAt least once per ten years.Yes
Recovery Authority: Ministry of Nature of Russia, Commission for Rare and Endangered Animals, Plants, and Fungi

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United States


AuthorityLegal Standing Assessment Schedule Based on IUCN Red List model?
Listing Authorities:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries (NOAA Fisheries),
United States Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.FWS)
The Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. Sec. 1531 et seq.) was enacted in 1973 to identify species at risk of extinction and to conserve and recover listed species as well as the ecosystems upon which they depend. Status of listed species are reviewed at least once every five years. Petitions to consider listing of new species are accepted on a rolling basis. No
Recovery Authorities: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries (NOAA Fisheries) is responsible for marine fish and mammals, and most anadromous fish.
United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) is responsible for terrestrial and freshwater species as well as sea-run cutthroat trout.

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State of Oregon


AuthorityLegal Standing Assessment Schedule Based on IUCN Red List model?
Listing Authority:
Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission
The Oregon Endangered Species Act was enacted in 1987 "to prevent the serious depletion of any indigenous species" (ORS 496.012). Species may be classified as threatened or endangered and steps taken to recover them by state agencies and on state-owned or leased lands.Status of each listed species must be reviewed at least once every five years.No
Recovery Authority:
Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife

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State of California


AuthorityLegal Standing Assessment Schedule Based on IUCN Red List model?
Listing Authority:
California Fish and Game Commission
The California Endangered Species Act was enacted in 1984 to conserve, protect, restore, and enhance listed species and their habitat.Status of each listed species must be reviewed at least every five years.No
Recovery Authority:
California Department of Fish & Game, Habitat Conservation Planning Branch

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